Introduction to "The Chinese American Experience".

Key Issues related to "The Chinese American Experience".

Biographies of people related to "The Chinese American Experience".

Index of the Articles and Illustrations found in Harper's Weekly.

Articles and Illustrations organized by type.

Use the links above to navigate this web site.

Knights of St. Crispen

This union of shoemakers (the largest American labor organization at the time) was named after the patron saint of cobblers and shoemakers. In 1870, the Chinese were used in North Adams, Massachusetts, to break a strike by the Knights of St. Crispen. In response, the Knights of St. Crispen attempted to form the strikebreakers into a Chinese chapter of their union. The failure to organize the Chinese led many other workers in the East to oppose Chinese labor and support Chinese exclusion. Meanwhile in San Francisco, the St. Crispens organized a large, anti-Chinese protest.

Sources consulted:

Gunther Barth, Bitter Strength: A History of the Chinese in the United States, 1850-1870 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1964)

Elmer Clarence Sandmeyer, The Anti-Chinese Movement in California (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991)

This site is brought to you by…
Website and all Content 1998-1999 HarpWeek, LLC
Please report problems to